Heart Transplant | Guide to Heart Disease
A person lying near the death door due to a poor heart can gain confidence of living again from this method. This method once thought very difficult and dangerous has become very easy today. Diseases like Arrhythmia and Congestive Heart Disease are the causative factors for the weakening of the heart. Let us learn about this surgery and the pros and cons as well associated with it.
About it: In the event of a patient suffering from cardiac problems, the doctor can think about going for a heart transplant in order to save his or her life.
Though it is still said to be one of the major surgeries that the medical world has ever seen, over time it has become child’s play as the cases have increased over time thus making it a routine process. It is commonly said that successful patients can go on and live a healthy life for even up to a period of five years. So it is not that complex process anymore as it was a few years back.
After the surgery: Generally after the surgery the patient is put under severe monitoring due to several risk factors involved in the process. Two factors which are highly considered very important after the surgery is Heart Rejection and Heart Infection. Both are highly dangerous as it will put the patient’s life under severe risk. Heart Rejection may occur if the person’s immune system rejects the donor heart.
This is a severe problem as another heart transplant surgery has to be carried in such cases. If there is no donor heart available at that point of time, then the patient will surely die. Heart Infection also occurs sometimes due to the body’s antibodies rejecting the new heart and it causes life threatening problems for the patient.
How to prevent Rejection and Infection?
To prevent all the risk factors involved in this process, the patient is immune suppressive drugs that will prevent the rejection process and it will also enhance the safety of the surgery. A problem that may arise during the surgery also includes blood clot formation and that is also reduced by giving the immune suppressive drugs. In this way the medical word claims that a risk free heart transplant surgery thus increasing the success rate of this very complicated surgery.
Life after the Surgery: Once the operation is successful and the patient’s life is saved, then the doctors carefully examine the patient’s new heart for safety purposes.
This phase known as the post surgery phase is the crucial one and once that phase is over, the rehabilitation phase begins wherein the patient starts to walk slowly as excess pressure may cause breathing problems to the patient. Depending on how the patient responds to the treatment, the patient may be asked to stay in the hospital for about 10 days and regular visits to the Cardiologist may also be required to check the effective functioning of the heart there after.
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