Heart palpitation – a condition in which heartbeat is faster than usual; it seems like it is pounding and fluttering. It is not dangerous in most cases and can only cause discomfort in person. However, sometimes it can turn into arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), and this health issue requires medical treatment and regular appointments with a doctor.

What factors can cause heart palpitations, and what patients are more likely to experience that?

The symptoms of heart palpitations are pretty common; it includes the feeling like the heart skips a beat, is beating too fast, flip-flopping, pounding, etc. Sometimes, the beating is so hard; it may seem like the throat, neck, or stomach is pulsing. Those are not dangerous for a person and do not demand a doctor’s assistance.

However, if these symptoms appear, it is better to go to the clinic to get a proper health analysis and treatment if needed – chest pain or the constant feeling of discomfort in this area, fainting, shortness of breath without any reason, dizziness.

Often, it is hard for medical professionals to define the reason for the heart palpitation. Commonly, it is caused by the person’s emotional responses (anxiety, panic attacks, stress, etc.) and clinical depression. The fast heartbeat may also appear after intense exercising sessions or consuming stimulants such as caffeine, cocaine, nicotine; cold and cough medication can lead to such reactions in the body as well. Women may experience it during periods, pregnancy, or any hormonal changes.

Some patients experience heart palpitation more often than others. Risk factors include those who live in constant stress, people who are diagnosed with anxiety and have frequent panic attacks or suffer from other mental health disorders. Pregnant women also complain of these symptoms more often than other patients. Doctors also warn that faster heartbeat may appear during the treatment with cold or asthma medications (they can provide a list of medicines that cause these side effects on request).

What are the complications patients can experience because of heart palpitations?

Even though this issue is not dangerous and cannot affect a person’s health much, some still experience complications, and people need to be aware of them in order to know how to prevent or treat them.

  • Fainting is the most common problem. It can be explained pretty easily: if the heart beats very fast, blood pressure drops automatically, and the person can start feeling dizzy. In severe cases, it may lead to fainting. Patients with such problems as congenital heart disease or various valve troubles may experience it more often.
  • Cardiac arrest. As with many issues, life-threatening conditions may happen because of heart palpitation. In this case, arrhythmia may slow down the heartbeat or stop it at all.
  • Sometimes, blood clots may appear in the heart due to irregular heartbeat; it happens because blood reaches the upper chambers of the heart. This way, blood clots block the brain artery and cause a stroke.
  • Heart failure. Mainly, it happens when the heart is pumping ineffectively for a more extended period of time because of the arrhythmia. If taken under control on time, it may not cause any complications in person and let them live a full life.

Health complications caused by heart palpitation occur rarely; if the person has a healthy lifestyle, visits a doctor regularly, knows their limits in physical activities, and doesn’t have any bad habits – it is most likely there won’t be any problems. Take care of yourself on time and stay safe. Thanks for reading!